Periodontal (Gum) Therapy

AAO_Daniel_And_Nancy_079Periodontics is the preventative and therapeutic treatment of the gums. Gum disease is very common. Taking good care of your teeth and gums makes it possible to keep your natural teeth all your life, but it’s rare for someone to get through their life without having some form of gum disease at some point, no matter how good their oral hygiene is. This is because gum disease is sometimes inherited, or it can be caused by illness or medications. The good news is that gum disease can be treated easily by a dentist if it is caught in its early stages. The key to early diagnosis is to have regular dental checkups twice a year.

When gum disease starts, the first symptoms are swollen or reddened gums. You may notice this yourself at home, and if you do, you should make a dental appointment as soon as possible. During a regular checkup, the dentist might notice early signs of gingivitis, the first stage of gum disease, that you cannot see yourself. When gingivitis is mild, it can be completely reversed with a professional dental cleaning that involves removing plaque and tartar from each individual tooth and the gums.

If gingivitis is not treated, it is likely to progress to the second stage of gum disease, periodontitis. This means that plaque and tartar have gone below the gumline. A deep cleaning is the first treatment for periodontitis. Also called scaling and root planing, this treatment involves going behind the gums to scrape away plaque and tartar, and then smoothing the surface of the tooth so that the gums can reattach. This is not a surgical procedure, though it may be done under a local anesthetic.

Periodontal therapy may also include antibiotics to kill bacteria or the use of antibacterial mouth rinses. For cases of serious periodontists that cannot be reversed by deep cleaning, gum surgery may be required. Keeping your gums healthy is important because unhealthy gums can eventually lead to tooth loss.

Dr. Kamboh and the staff at Lansdowne Dental Associates are here to help you with all your oral health needs. You can call us anytime with any questions you have or to set up an appointment. Remember that regular dental checkups can keep your gums and your teeth healthy and reduce the chances that you will need invasive treatments.